The nurse is teaching a group of parents with infants and toddlers about poisoning. Which information would the nurse include in her teaching?

Select all that apply.
  1. place all chemicals on a high shelf out of reach
  2. do not induce vomiting if the child is unconscious
  3. call the Poison Control Center before inducing vomiting
  4. keep the number of the Poison Control Center near the phone
  5. if the child ingests household cleaners or grease, induce vomiting
Numbers 2, 3, and 4 are correct.
Rationale: Vomiting should never be induced in an unconscious person. The Poison Control Center should be called before inducing vomiting. The number should be posted on or near each phone in households with small children. Placing chemicals on a high shelf does not prevent access; many toddlers become adept climbers and can reach dangerous items anyway. Chemicals should be locked in a cabinet with child-proof locks for maximum safety. Vomiting should never be induced in persons who have consumed lye, household cleaners, or grease.