the client complaining of chest pain and nausea who is diaphoretic the client with a simple fracture of the radius from a fall on a staircase the client complaining of slight redness and itching at the IV site in his hand the client presenting with a sprained ankle from a tree branch falling on him
The ED nurse receives a client who is bleeding profusely from a gunshot wound. Which action by the nurse will best help this client avoid complications of extreme blood loss?
draw a type and match administer type O blood administer type AB+ blood ask the family to donate blood
The nurse is preparing to remove a client’s abdominal stitches as ordered by the health care provider. Which is the correct action by the nurse?
clean the stitches with soap and water before removing wash the hands and use gloves while removing the stitches wash the hands and use sterile technique when removing the stitches wear a gown, gloves, a mask, an eye shield, and shoe covers during the procedure
The nurse is caring for a client with veno-occlusive disease. Which manifestations of this condition would the nurse expect to find?
jaundice weight loss weight gain right lower quadrant pain enlargement of the spleen right upper quadrant pain
The nurse is caring for a client with a gastric ulcer. Which menu choice by the client indicates an understanding of the nurse’s dietary teaching?
yogurt with fresh berries dry wheat toast with water coffee with cream and a bagel a grilled cheese sandwich with milk
The nurse comes upon a client in the clinic who appears to have experienced a sudden cardiac arrest. After retrieving the automated external defibrillator (AED), the nurse knows to use the equipment in the following manner, as per the American Red Cross. List the steps in order. Use all the steps.
Make sure no one is touching the client. Tell everyone to “stand clear.” Open the person’s shirt and wipe the chest dry. Remove any visible patches. Attach the AED pads and plug in the connector. Push the “analyze” button to analyze the client’s heart rhythm. Turn on AED. Follow visual and/or audio prompts. Begin CPR….
The nurse is caring for a two-year-old client who presented to the ER with vomiting, currant jelly-like stools, and abdominal pain that causes the child to draw the knees up to the abdomen in a fetal position. Which interventions does the nurse anticipate for this client?
assessing for respiratory distress orders for a soft diet as tolerated monitoring for a normal, brown stool preparing the client for a barium enema placement of a nasogastric (NG) tube monitoring for fever and changes in blood pressure
The nurse is caring for a client experiencing an acute flare-up of diverticular disease. Which interventions by the nurse are appropriate for this client?
encourage a diet high in fiber insert a nasogastric (NG) tube administer enemas as ordered administer IV fluids as ordered encourage coughing and deep breathing check stools for frank or occult bleeding
The nurse is caring for a client who had an inguinal hernia repair. Which interventions by the nurse are appropriate for this client?
encouraging fluid intake relieving urinary retention applying heat to the scrotum teaching turning, coughing, and deep breathing keeping the client on bed rest for the first 12 hours after surgery teaching the client to avoid lifting more than 20 pounds until approved by the health care provider
The nurse is providing teaching to a client newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Which should the nurse include in her teaching?
check the feet daily have eye examinations every 2 years use a heating pad to keep the feet warm take extra insulin before consuming sweets
The nurse is caring for a client with left-sided heart failure. Which assessment findings does the nurse anticipate for this client?
dyspnea engorged spleen dependent edema jugular vein distention weak peripheral pulses crackles or wheezes in the lungs