The nurse cares for two children brought into an emergency shelter. Law enforcement suspects the children have been neglected. The nurse should assess

  1. visual acuity using the Snellen chart.
  2. blood pressure and pulse rate.
  3. height and weight.
  4. bruises on the knees and elbows.
Number 3 is correct.
Rationale: Neglected children may have atypical growth patterns or delays in physical development. By assessing height and weight, the nurse can determine if the children are growing as expected, or if there is a potential clue to abuse or neglect. Bruises on knees and elbows are common injuries in children and not necessarily signs of neglect. Blood pressure and pulse would not be good indicators of neglect if there are no acute injuries. A Snellen chart is used to determine visual acuity and would not be an indicator of neglect.