A nursing instructor demonstrates to several students how to wrap an amputated limb in a bandage using a figure eight technique. Which of the following correctly states the benefits of this technique? Select all that apply.

  1. prevents blood clots from forming
  2. reduces post-operative swelling
  3. minimizes pain and discomfort
  4. prevents exposure to air
Number 2 and 3 are correct.
Rationale: The figure eight technique for bandaging helps to reduce edema by promoting venous return; it also minimizes discomfort. The bandage should be worn at all times, but should be removed completely and rewrapped several times each day. Proper bandaging ensures that the residual limb is shaped and molded. Activity is important in the postoperative period for prevention of blood clots and exposure to air is not harmful.