A nurse in intensive coronary care is caring for a client with an endotracheal tube who underwent coronary bypass surgery. The client awakens and attempts to communicate. Which nursing interventions should the nurse perform? Select all that apply.
Communication boards are highly effective in allowing clients to express their needs. Similarly, yes/no questions allow ease in communicating needs with minimal frustration. Open-ended questions require oral communication the client with an endotracheal tube cannot perform. An electrolarynx, a battery-powered handheld device that transmits sound when pressed against the oropharyngeal cavity, is used for clients with a tracheostomy.