Which client is at the greatest risk of developing colon cancer?

  • a 83-year-old Hispanic female with a past history of cholecystectomy
  • a 62-year-old African American male with a past history of diabetes
  • a 70-year-old Caucasian male with a past history of cancer treated with chemotherapy
  • a 42-year-old Asian female who follows a high-fiber diet
Number 2 is correct.
Risk factors for colon cancer include being African American, being over 50, and having a past medical history of diabetes. Other risk factors include a personal or family history of colon cancer; a high-fat, low-fiber diet; a history of inflammatory intestinal disease; obesity; smoking; and a sedentary lifestyle.