“A diet low in fat and high in fiber can help lower the risk, along with eating more fruit such as oranges.”
“When an adult turns 40 years of age, a colonoscopy should be done to screen for CRC, regardless of family history.”
“Those with average risk at age 50 and up should have a colonoscopy and fecal occult blood test every five years.”
“Those with average risk at age 50 and up should have a colonoscopy and fecal occult blood test every 10 years.”
Number 4 is correct.
Regular screening should begin at age 50 for those without a family history of CRC. Fecal occult blood testing and a colonoscopy should be done every 10 years or a double-contrast barium enema every 5 years. Screening should begin earlier and more frequently for those who have a personal or family history of CRC. Dietary guidelines include lowering fat and refined carbohydrates and eating high-fiber foods. At age 40, the client should discuss the need for screening with the health care provider.