Rationale: FAS is characterized by microcephaly, small eyes or short palpebral fissures, thin upper lip, and flat midface. Syphilis presents with maculopapular dermal rash on palms and soles. TORCH syndrome is a group of infections that produce various congenital malformations. The acronym stands for toxoplasmosis, other infections, rubella, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex. Brachial plexus injury describes a type of paralysis associated with a difficult birth.