The nurse is teaching a newly diagnosed client about Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). What information would the nurse provide in her teaching? Select all that apply.

  1. GBS affects females more often than males.
  2. The acute period lasts several days to 2 weeks.
  3. GBS tends to be self-limiting with temporary paralysis.
  4. Common symptoms include muscle weakness and paralysis.
  5. Infections such as Epstein-Barr virus have been associated with GBS.
Numbers 3, 4, and 5 are correct.
Rationale: Males develop GBS slightly more often than females. The acute or initial period lasts from 1 to 4 weeks, beginning with the onset of symptoms and ending when no further deterioration occurs. GBS tends to be self-limiting with muscle weakness and temporary paralysis. Infections are commonly associated with GBS, with Campylobacter jejuni one of the more common bacterial infections.