The nurse is teaching a client about dietary modifications to control hypertension. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further teaching?

  1. “I can have a cup of fresh fruit as a snack.”
  2. “Baked ham is a good dinner choice for me.”
  3. “I need to check the label for sodium in ketchup.”
  4. “I need to cut out frozen pizza as a fast meal option.”
Number 2 is correct.
Rationale: Processed foods such as baked ham are among the highest in sodium, along with preserved and pickled foods. Most fresh fruits and vegetables are low in sodium. Condiments tend to be high in sodium, and learning to read labels helps the client identify appropriate diet choices. Frozen pizza and many other frozen prepared foods are high in sodium because they are processed.