The nurse is talking with a client about primary and secondary prevention of cancer. Which statements are examples of primary prevention?

Select all that apply.
  1. removing colon polyps to prevent colon cancer
  2. limiting alcohol to no more than 1 ounce per day
  3. colonoscopy at age 50 years and then every 10 years
  4. yearly mammogram for all women older than 40 years
  5. getting vaccinated against human papilloma virus (HPV)
  6. eating a low-fat diet high in fiber, including fruits and vegetables
Numbers 1, 2, 5, and 6 are correct.
Rationale: Primary prevention is focused on using strategies to prevent the actual occurrence of cancer. Secondary prevention uses screening to detect cancer in the early stages when it is most curable.