The nurse is providing client education on self-administration of insulin. Which action by the client indicates the need for further education?

  • The client gently rubs the insertion site after removing the needle.
  • The client verifies the type of insulin and checks the expiration date.
  • The client cleans and grasps the skin, inserting the needle at a 90-degree angle.
  • The client cleans the rubber stopper on the bottle with an alcohol swab before drawing a dose.
Number 1 is correct.
Rubbing the injection site is not advised as it can affect absorption. The client should check the vial of insulin for the correct type and expiration date. Insulin is a high-risk medication, and some clients may be on more than one type. Grasping the skin and inserting the needle at a 90-degree angle is correct injection technique. Prior to drawing up the dose, the rubber stopper should be cleaned with alcohol.