The nurse is preparing to review transmission-based precautions with other nurses on the unit. Which statement regarding transmission-based precautions would the nurse include in her teaching?

  1. “Measles and adenovirus require airborne precautions.”
  2. “Barrier protection requires a private room for the client.”
  3. “Droplet precautions are used for clients with meningitis.”
  4. “Contact precautions are used for clients with disseminated varicella zoster.”
Number 3 is correct.
Rationale: Droplet precautions, along with standard precautions, are used with clients infected with meningitis. Measles requires airborne precautions, while adenovirus requires droplet precautions. Barrier protection calls for either a private room or a cohort client with the same infection. Disseminated varicella zoster requires airborne precautions.