The nurse is caring for a client who will have a pulmonary function test (PFT) performed as an outpatient following hospital discharge. Which should the nurse include in his teaching on the procedure?

Select all that apply.
  • have a driver accompany the client to the test site
  • limit activity in the days leading up to the test
  • remain NPO after midnight the day before the test
  • do not smoke for at least 6 – 8 hours before the test
  • withhold bronchodilators for 4 – 6 hours prior to the test
  • increase aerobic activity as much as possible in the days before the test
Numbers 4 and 5 are correct.
In preparing for a PFT, the nurse should teach the client to avoid smoking at least 6 to 8 hours before the test. Bronchodilators should be withheld for 4 to 6 hours before the test. There is no need for the client to take a driver with her because she will not be sedated. The client should maintain normal activity levels, neither limiting nor increasing activity before the test. Maintaining normal activity levels gives a truer picture of the client’s lung function. There is no need to be NPO for the test.