The nurse is caring for a client who is a victim of domestic violence. Which of the following would the nurse expect to find in the client’s social history?

Select all that apply.
  1. The client is under 30 years old.
  2. The client is active in a local charity.
  3. The client has a history of child abuse.
  4. The client has been in past abusive relationships.
  5. The client is employed as a college professor.
Numbers 1, 3, and 4 are correct.
Rationale: Risk factors for domestic violence include being under age 30 and growing up in a home where child and spousal abuse occurred. Victims tend to have multiple abusive relationships over their lifetime. Many abusers severely restrict the victim’s movement, so social isolation from friends and family is common. If the client is employed, she typically works in a low-paying field or goes through multiple jobs. Economic factors such as low income and lack of education are common in domestic violence, although it can occur in any environment.