The hospital conducts an information and education session on anthrax. The nurse learns the methods of anthrax transmission include which of the following?

Select all that apply.
  • cutaneous
  • ocular
  • inhalation
  • fomite
  • gastrointestinal
Numbers 1, 3, and 5 are correct.
Anthrax can be transmitted to humans through cutaneous, inhalation, and gastrointestinal routes. Cutaneous anthrax occurs when anthrax spores enter the skin through an open sore or cut. Inhalational anthrax occurs when anthrax spores are inhaled into the lungs. Gastrointestinal anthrax is transmitted by consuming contaminated meat or drinking water contaminated by anthrax bacteria.