A nursing instructor is preparing a lesson on the dangers of using drugs and alcohol during pregnancy. She would include which of the following as a primary disability associated with children diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome?

  • poor motor skills
  • promiscuous behavior
  • future drug and alcohol dependency
  • diagnosis of clinical depression
Number 1 is correct.
Primary disabilities for children diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome are functional disabilities stemming from central nervous system (CNS) damage in utero. Poor motor skills, learning impairments, poor impulse control, hyperactivity, and memory problems are all examples of primary disabilities. Secondary disabilities of fetal alcohol syndrome emerge over time and are secondary to CNS damage. Examples include promiscuous behavior, future drug and alcohol dependency, and clinical depression.