A client who is postmenopausal asks the nurse how to prevent osteoporosis. Which statement should the nurse make to the client?

  • “Eat 2 ounces of cheese each day and walk a mile a day.”
  • “There are no known ways to prevent osteoporosis.”
  • “Do weight-bearing exercises regularly and take hormones as ordered by your physician.”
  • “Take potassium supplements daily.”
Number 3 is correct.
Hormone replacement therapy and weight-bearing exercises (such as walking) are recommended to prevent osteoporosis. A therapeutic dose of calcium to influence bone density for women 51 and older is 1,200 mg/day. Two ounces of hard cheese contains 500 mg of calcium, which is suboptimal. Potassium supplements are not effective in preventing osteoporosis.