A client has been undergoing treatment for an aggressive cancer. The physicians have stated the chance of recovery is very unlikely. The client states that she prefers to cease all treatments and start palliative care. The nurse supports this decision based on which ethical principle?

  • fidelity
  • confidentiality
  • justice
  • autonomy
Number 4 is correct.
Autonomy refers to the client’s right to make her own health care decisions. Fidelity is an ethics term that refers to loyalty and trust; confidentiality is based on a client’s right to privacy and protection of health information. Justice is an ethical term in regards to fairness.