A client asks what diabetes mellitus does to the body over time. Which condition should the nurse include in teaching as a common chronic complication of diabetes mellitus?

  • hyperglycemia
  • diabetic ketoacidosis
  • hyperglycemia
  • retinopathy
Number 4 is correct.
Retinopathy, an eye complication due to breakdown of blood vessels in the back of the eye, is a chronic complication of diabetes mellitus. Hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, and hyperglycemia are short-term complications of diabetes mellitus.