The nurse is seeing a client in the clinic who complains of a sore throat. The client asks for an antibiotic. How should the nurse respond?

Select all that apply .
  1. “You can try gargling with warm saline to relieve the discomfort.”
  2. “ You should use a dehumidifier to dry out the air, which will soothe the throat.”
  3. “Most sore throats are caused by viruses, which cannot be treated with antibiotics.”
  4. “There are three or four antibiotics that we prescribe for a sore throat, so the doctor will decide which one you need.”
  5. “You should increase your fluid intake. Drink lots of water and try warm soup to help with the discomfort.”
Numbers 1, 3, and 5 are correct.
Rationale: Gargling with warm saline can decrease discomfort caused by a sore throat. Many people think that an antibiotic is what they need for a sore throat, when most sore throats are actually caused by a virus. Antibiotics are ineffective on viruses. Overuse of antibiotics for sore throats can lead to antibiotic resistance. Increased fluid intake with water and warm beverages or soups can help with the pain. A humidifier should be used to add moisture to the air. The doctor will not prescribe an antibiotic if it is determined that the client’s sore throat is caused by a virus.