A client is on bed rest following surgery for a fractured femur. The nurse is teaching the client about what to expect while on bed rest. Which dietary choice would the nurse advise the client to avoid while on bed rest?

  • high-fiber fruits
  • grapefruit juice
  • goods high in fat
  • milk or milk-based products
Number 4 is correct.
Consuming large amounts of milk or milk-based products places demand on the kidneys to excrete excess calcium and can cause kidney stones. High-fiber fruits provide needed fiber to prevent constipation while immobile. There is no need to avoid grapefruit juice while on bed rest. While high-fat foods may be a poor dietary choice for health reasons, they are not contraindicated on bed rest.